Ophthalmology in ADONIS medical centers – that is a long-term experience and the latest diagnostic equipment that allows to diagnose even the most complex ophthalmic diseases at an early stage. ADONIS specialists carry out full vision diagnostics and perform various ophthalmic operations.
For the diagnosis of vision and eye diseases the following methods are used:
- Visual acuity test
- Fundus examination
- Refractometry for a narrow and wide pupil. The refractometry method is used to detect such eye diseases as nearsightedness (myopia), longsightedness (hyperopia), astigmatism. This research method allows doctors to quickly obtain accurate data on the patient’s eye health.
- Pneumotonometry of the eye – non-contact measurement of intraocular pressure.
- Biomicroscopy – detailed examination of the eye carried out using a special optical device – a slit lamp.
Conservative treatment of eye diseases
Our ophthalmologists carry out conservative treatment of the following diseases:
- Optic nerve atrophy
- Dry macular degeneration
- Retinitis pigmentosa (retinal pigment abiotrophy)
- Stargardt macular degeneration
Optic nerve atrophy is an eye disease characterized by a low vision due to the development of pathological processes that affect the nervous part of the organ. With fiber atrophy, the optic nerves gradually die off, and information is sent to the brain from the retina in a distorted form. Violation occurs due to traumas, glaucoma, toxic effects.
Glaucoma is a disease of the optic nerve that can be chronic, progressive, and irreversible. It is characterized by loss of vision, usually asymptomatic until the late stage of the disease and, in most cases, associated with high intraocular pressure.
Dry macular degeneration is the most common type of this disease, which occurs in 85% of cases. It develops as a result of thinning of the retina and the appearance of foci of dystrophy in the macula. Loss of central vision develops very slowly. The trigger for macular degeneration is a chronic lack of oxygen in the retinal tissues in combination with harmful environmental factors (radiation, intense UV radiation, stress).
Retinitis pigmentosa is an inherited, degenerative eye disease that causes severe visual impairment and often blindness. The progression of the disease is not consistent. Some people may have symptoms from childhood, others may notice symptoms later. In general, the later it starts, the faster the visual impairment occurs.
Stargardt’s disease or yellow-spotted retinal abiotrophy is an inherited form of juvenile macular degeneration that causes progressive deterioration of vision, usually to the blindness. Progression usually begins at the age of 6-12 years old and slows down soon after a rapid decline in visual acuity.
Conservative treatment is carried out on an outpatient basis and includes a 10-day course of therapy. Intravenous, intramuscular and parabulbar injections are performed. The set of medicines is determined depending on the type and stage of the disease.
In our clinic, stem cell treatment is carried out as well, which makes the therapy more effective.